Gold Indian Penny Coin


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Gold Indian Penny Coin

KOEL WANI OR JOO ,ARE THEY ORIGINATED FROM JEWS

The joos {JEWS} of Kashmir

By Ghulam Mohyuddin Wani

My birth place {PREFACE SUBMITTED YESTERDAY AND REVISED HERE FOR CONTINUATY OF THE DESCRIPTION AND UNDERSTANDING )

They were born in a small village ,deep in the Hamaliyan woods,Once only sparrows and quils used to inhabit the area,The area had a thick forests around its upper hilly terrain and the bushes and dense trees used to appear a woody environment.Large chinara around a spring of fresh water used to give a scred appearance.Few centuries ago some saint had rested here for few days and prayed God in isolation.The whole areas gave a inspiring look even when the two were born .By then a mosque has been built by the villagers around this shrine called by as Dedbabsahib.This was a place where old ladies shall bring omans and distribute free rice cooked with garlic called as taher in the name of God but its distribution was here underneath a big Chinar tree,All those dead used to be buried in and around this nomans land which spread on few hectares,By the time two were gronw up to remember the events much of it was grabed by the greedy in the area and it was only half of the original land demarcated there.They remembered the tussel between a man who had fortunes and the rest of the villages on a piece of land .

The village had four sections ,the khawajas or the joos now called as wanis.They were most read and bussinesss persons of the village.They had come from the village Pattan .The history could not be traced whether it was the patten few kms from Srinagar or from the Pattan near Abitabad in route to Gilgit.Quite often the rest of the tribes of the village used to tauant us as Jews.It was said we are the forgotten tribe of Isreal commonly known as “verlorene tribe”.I can put forth the genology upto few generation which I recored in my dairy notes from one of the uncle,who had the distinction of obtaining first division in middle in those days and it was he who bult a knowledge center in this village during his early days.He was very learned and had many verses of Iqbal and others learnt by heart.

There is historical recards of one Fateh joo having migrated to this village koel.Fateh joo had three sons ,namely salamon joo,habib joo and manawar joo.The tribe had a grand havali consisiting of 16 bed rooms besides kichen,prayer room and cowshed and horse stables.The family used to bring things like dry ffruits,wool and woollens fron the erstwhile soviet states,china and sell them ib Amritsar.From here they will take jute made garments ,cloth and other materials like tea,sugar and others to the Isqardu and gilgit areas which were the border districs of the kashmir state.These khawaias had links with their brotheren in Srinagar capital .The commercial merchandice sused to travel in carvans from Amritsar via Jummu TO Srinagar and from Srinagar to Bandipure in the big boats and from there to Gilgit by ponies ,The whole route had well established resthouse which used to be called Dahk Baglow after the british has conqurered the state.The transport was on the horses.The dynasty of joos or wanis was well net having a system of arthies at Amritsar and Srinagar who used to send their merchandice to the Gilgit through them.The arthies used to have small resthouses for the incoming business partners near there merchandice stores or godams.The whole route had arrangements for the watering and feeding of horses beside the man.I have witnessed excellent water tight bottles having a jacket inside and a woollen cover outside the wooden bottle which was used to have water in the higher ranches and place where perhaps the water was not available or the water was impure.If searched in our earstwhile havalies we may find a few such devices even today.I have preserved a horse back carpet type in my house out of many documents and items preserved.

DYNASTY OF ANCIENT JOOS WANI  IN KOEL

By prof ghulam mohyuddin wani

Original migration

I bear witness that our most learned in the family Mr Habib joo  had told his grandson  Ahad joo WHOM I met . That we have come to kashmir from a place starting or sounding like Phaethon or patten.I then had no knowledge of the Jews having been living in Mahrastra.Are we the same as wanis are only at two places in Indian subcontinent i.e.  KASHMIR AND MAHRASTRA,I REPRODUCCE THE WORDS OF A HISTORIAN BELOW ABOUT THE ANCIENT JEWS OF India and kashmir.

HISTORIAN VIEW OF JEWS IN KASHMIR

"...The natives of Cashmere as well as those of Afghanistan, pretend to be descended from the Jews, give pedigrees of their kings reigning in their present country up to the sun and the moon, and along with this, they show you the Temples still standing, built by Solomon, statues of Noah, and other Jewish Patriarchs...the traditions of the Afghans tell them, that they are descended from the tribe of Ioudi or Yuda, and in this they are right, for it is the tribe of Joudi noticed by Eusebius to have existed before the Son of Jacob in Western Syria was born, the Joudi of Oude, and from which tribe the Western Jews with the Brahmin (Abraham) descended and migrated. (Vol. I; p. 740.)

The Indo-Hebrews named the part of the river passing through Paithan's territory Paithan (Pison, Phison), according to their traditions. In the upper left-hand corner is the city of Satana. According to the legends of the Yadavas (Indo-Hebrews), Satana would have made the folks in Sodom and Gomorah envious. The Seunas and the Satanas decided to resolve their moral and religious differences on the battlefield. The forces of "Satan" lost, but their defeat didn't dishearten them. Eventually, we came to think of "Satan" as a being who lost the battle but not the war. The bible tells us that such a peace treaty hasn't yet been signed between these two ancient enemies.

In that part of India, the holiest of holies for the Indians, the names of many towns end in the appendage gaon. In Hebrew, gaon means "genius; great rabbinical scholar." Also in this region is an area that was once the favorite of Yadava royalty: Nashik, the exact Hebrew name for "Royal Prince." Satan is near the district called Khandesh (Land of Cain). There is also a Kodesh. Kid and Khad are Sanskrit terms for "First," "The Beginning," or "God." In Hebrew, Khadesh = "The first day of a Jewish calendar month." Notice that all these names have similar meanings and religious connotations in both languages. I invite my readers to investigate this anomaly for themselves.

The similarity of these Indian and Hebrew names certainly traumatized European colonists. Unwilling to admit that the Jews had never sprouted spontaneously in the Arabian desert, or were from outer space as I read recently, but were from the East as the bible itself tells us, they merely erased these matters from their minds or convinced themselves that they were "coincidences," even though the "coincidences" numbered in the thousands and were peppered over every region in India.

KASHMIRI LINEAGE  

According to the above mentioned evidences, it is reasonable to credit the hypothesis that the Kashmir is among the descendants of the ancient Israelites, though it is not possible to establish with certainty when they reached the Kashmir Valley and settled there. The Greek influence that appears evident in some aspects suggests that they have migrated with Alexander's army in his campaign to the conquest of India and remained there.

What is the origin of wani the joos of koel

From the above discussion it is clear that some of the words in kashmir and Hebrew cionicide.Coincidence of words alone cannot  trace a genetic lineage, their customs and way of livening may. Here may I give some Facts of the wani or joos of Kashmir. I have a proof in the form of a state subject of my Grandfather where it is clearly written that he is named MOHMAD JOO AND IS SON OF Habib joo. Even my father’s state subject certificate describes him as sona joo and not the name he was familiarly known and named in my state subject too as sona wani .There are written treaties of our trade  documents  where we used to hire labour and had the custom of writing a testimony ,whose words are either Urdu  or Persian  but alphabets  are unique which neither of the lanauges have,Their writing skills are  only known to us from our olden cultural heritage,All our ledgers were written in Urdu but the figures were in a specific language , common within wanis or the joos, To date we have preserved some extracts of those writings.

BUSSINESS DOCUMENTS

Every home was having a proper record of the spending and income. It will even toady tell you who owes you money or whom you owe some money. The records of these joos were authentic in the court of law and never objected in case of any dispute with our clients. I have heard of a unique tail of fortunes from my father the sona joo. Whom people in my childhood used to say man with the golden coins ,just like the Arabian tell tails. However ,I do affirm  I have never seen his gold coins nor inherited them, What was left after his death for me was his long letter forgiving me of any disobedience done with him and asking me to care for my mother. He had already given me my share of his assets of which I had owned a small house in Srinagar, He being a true Muslim had a foresight and knew many things which cannot explain. He never rested in his life except when ill, He always shared his food with those who he never knew or has any acquitence.He was so wise to settle and distribute all his property in his life ,which amasses me of his noble birth, He had abandoned his business in 1960 when he migrated from his traditional business acumen ship in Gigot, He was held up in that part of KASHMIR after 1947 division of this country, He preferred to come back and live in this part of Kashmir only to please her ailing mother who was sick and asking for him day out and day in. He was kind to me only twice in his life ,once when I went to veterinary school in Bikaner and second times three month before his death when he called me to his home and asked me to sell my share of the landed property to only the descendents of gainee from whom he had purchased it, His plea was that this land was purchased by me from their for fathers, they have the first Wright to it when we sell it, He could foresee that I would not be able to manage this land and which became evident later with the rise of militancy, We sold to them at cheaper than market rates and they paid in instalments. He was a visionary in that all the money owed to me was paid by them without any problems and honestly although till date I have never signed any papers of the deal, he had arranged to handover the rights of the land to them .He was very careful after the death reputation. Once hr said if we sell this land to someone else and they tease or despite with them, the whole community will abuse me after the death to have brought another tribe to share the land with them. Rarely did I see businessman pondering or thinking on these lines.

I was told the business codes were very strictly adhered by the community of wani throughout Kashmir. My father once earned huge dividends on the sale of tea; He had been to Amritsar and purchased some tea worth some thousands. The tea was still underway and had not reached Gilgit, but its price has increased.The arthi at Amritsar has imformed him about the hike .This was known and he bargained its sale while in transit and eared huge profits even without spending a penny. This he used to relate to Gods gifted property and used to spent like a free wandering preacher. He would visit many places where spiritual sittings would be there, Unlike Islamic strict principles he used to go to the shrines and spent hours and days over there, He had some spiritual lineage and in his later life mostly spent in spiritual discources.He had best friends among Hindus, chirstian and Sikhs, I never came across any Jew in my life as his friend.

Records and debt

I know all wani or joos had exact records of all the transactions made with the people while purchasing there land or properties, the bahikhata as these written ledgers used to be called were trusted documents and never criticized or objected in any court of law. The manner of transactions was Jewish in nature. I remember two such transaction made by my father with two cultivators in 1945-47.He had given them some cash to provide us yearly need of Grains ,paddy and maize. One of these cultivators was one Kalam din Guar or Khatana,who lived in or near present Bajee Khushal of Malangam.The rates per Kharwar were fixed and he had to provide us every year Maize for our house hold .The minimum and maximum however depended upon him.He was so honest that he continued to bring maize to us at each harvest for about 10 years regularly even when my father was not physically there to ask him for it or to lay a suit against him. The other man was .Qadir bhat of the koel village whose sons are now rich persons and hold great preoperties.This Qadir Bhat too used to religiously bring paddy to our house hold for the period ,Later on when my father returned he was happy with their honesty and continued to lend them money without ward. The warde was the fixed price at the time of taking money and the other free trade mechanism was to fix the prices after harvest. However later the system crumbled after the new laws of the land to tellers .

LAND DISTRIBUTION ACT AND WANIS

Most of the wanis of Band pure who had after the closure of the silk route in 1947 invested in landed properties, had enough to eat and sell out of its harvest through cultivators, Many joos or wanis although not used to have big landed properties purchased few from the kashmir Pundits and Jagirdars who knew of the new laws and had to shun extra miles of their land. The wanis had money but they had no skills of cultivation,Infact even residing in the villages we had no experience of cultivation as we were always engaged in business, This landed property was thus hired to the poor cultivators who either had no land or had no money to purchase seeds or any other needed goods for the cultivation, The joos used to contract their land to these people called KASHKARS.Later in 1953 1n 1971 these cultivators were give the property rights which bankrupted most of us as much our landed properties went to these Kashkars.The land sold by many people to our joos or Khowaja was also taken from us as the treaties called RAHAN BAIA or the lease deeds were stricken off by the Govt laws enforced. This made few wani to learn cultivation or to sell the land and this phase was the most destructive phase for these Khowaja but good for the general public. Our dynasty also loosed a great chunk of land at Koel,Lawepora and many other places. Somehow with help of our uncle we could manage to cultivate few hectares  at KOEL in the area which was in the neighbourhood of our maternal uncle a village head man MIR dynasty. The area had self spring irrigation and was called KANEE NAR (CROWS WATER POOL).The other places like doom be khan and poll hung were later sold by us after the death of our father. The caviar area still remains with our nephews. The cultivator used it till your land and give you one half of thru producer at harvesting season but you provide him with seeds ,fertilizers. This system also went into rough whether after some laws were enacted in 1972 which were negative for the cultivator and most of the land owners tried to convert these rice lands into orchards that could be managed easily and were not labour intensive. Thus most of the wani shifted to apple orchard and regained their lost fortunes. This is reason most of the wani or Khowaja have rich and good orchards and some of their gardens in a town of sour were regarded as the back bone of kashmir economy.

KHAWJAS HABITS AND CULTURES

The KHAWAJAS OR JOOS used to be called as JOOS.I have never heard my GRANDMA CALLING MY father or any of our relatives or cousins of my father without suffixing the word joo like sona joo,ama joo ahead joo,rasol joo, SAME tradition went with my mother I do not know now whether the system shall prevail or die down, In the village of KOEL still we have the initially distributed mohllas as KHOJA MAHALA MEANS WANI MOHLA OR PLACE,GANIE mohlaa,Nayed (BARABER)mohlla,Chopan (SHEPHERD) Mhlla,Mir Mohlla or the zamindar or cultivators,shiek mohlla (converts from hindus).Gora Mohla (milk mann or herdsman)ETC.These are the traditional tribes of the village KOel.Even today very few people live in one another’s mohlaas.For Many years the marriages remained confined to wanis or the so called uppercases like shah,mir,None of our families in the past married other castes except Maliks or Mirs.Now with the cultural revolutions this system has died off and many intercaste and community marriage are common.In our days to marry a girl of Khans was not considered good .Mir were the only caste one could be permitted to marry. Most of the joos in koel married the Mir daughters but never married their daughters to any Mir family in the village till date, Many intercast marriages with SHAHS and others are now common due to education of the girls and boys in other communities. Most of the educated in the village KOEL come from the community of wanis.

Educational background.

Wanis or the Kwajas were the earliest knowledgeable lot of the village.All our elders has school education and were able to read and wright.The dynasty of Habib joo was better educated and clever than the rest. They had their grandma from wanis of BHotangoo village; she used to be very clever. The old house of the KHOWAJAS WHICH is now on the more was the residence of all the three brothers Habeeb,solaman,and manawar.It is said Habeeb joo was in Gilgit and solaman joo built a nice and exuberant house consisting of deodar carved doors and windows and had about 16 bedrooms with great zeal. At the completion of the house the wife of Habeeb joo occupied the house with her children and lit the first independent fire in the house. Solaman joo when told about this episode calmed down took a glass of water and asked his wife to keep mum as the brother is not here now that her wife has occupied the house let it be theirs we will construct a new. Soon after this episode the family fortunes were divided at the death of Fatah joo, the new house at KOEL was given to Habib joo and Manawar joo and the other house was shared by the SOLAMAN JOO, alon with his other brother Ahmed joo. The house existed till our birth and we inhabited it till 1965, till our father constructed a new one .The old history is also very interesting.

About the Author

ghulam mohyuddin wani
prof dr ghulam mohyuddin wani
prof dr g m wani

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